World Bank Local Government Responses to HIV/AIDS: Local Governments

Local Government Responses to HIV/AIDS

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HIV/AIDS in the Urban Context

What Local Governments Can Do


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What Local Governments Can Do To Address HIV/AIDS

Local governments are important players in the fight against HIV/AIDS because they are the level of government closest to communities and have a mandate to ensure that their cities are well-functioning and sustainable. By addressing HIV/AIDS local governments are responding to the needs of their constituents, and they are securing the sustainability of their cities.

However, local governments operate in a national context that will significantly affect their ability to respond to HIV/AIDS. First, there is the larger framework of institutions within which local governments are operating. The extent and effectiveness of national decentralization policies also play a key role in determining the potential effectiveness of local governments in all of their activities, and particularly with regards to HIV/AIDS. 

However, even with little support (financial or political), committed local government authorities can accomplish a great deal in fighting HIV/AIDS by mainstreaming HIV/AIDS into existing municipal work plans and working closely with local partners to fill unmet needs.

addresses these issues in greater detail.

Local Government Responses to HIV/AIDS: A Handbook

Also available in French and Portuguese

(Forthcoming in Spanish)

To support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS, the World Bank along with partners at AMICAALL, Cities Alliance, UN-HABITAT Urban Management Programme, and UNDP have developed Local Government Responses to HIV/AIDS: A Handbook.

Local Government Responses to HIV/AIDS: A Handbook has been written for LGA mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. The Handbook provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. The Handbook also focuses on the implementation process, and suggests ways to mobilize new and existing resources, develop productive relationships with civil society organizations (CSOs), and establish systems of monitoring, learning and evaluation.

The Handbook is divided into three parts. The first part: OPERATIONS provides a narrative overview of the issues and steps involved in launching a local government responses to HIV/AIDS. The second part: ANNEX 1: TOOLS provides exercises, checklists and information to assist a local government authority in developing, implementing and monitoring their HIV/AIDS response. The third part of the Handbook, ADDITIONAL ANNEXES provides useful information (glossary, resources, partners, and the Abidjan Declaration.)





We welcome your suggestions

The Handbook is a work-in-progress. Please share with us, your suggestions, examples and comments.

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